Elbow pain is a common complaint and is often associated with lateral epicondylitis (also known as tennis elbow) and medial epicondylitis (also known as golfer’s elbow). These conditions affect the tendons around the elbow joint, leading to discomfort, inflammation, and limited mobility.
Lateral epicondylitis is characterized by pain and tenderness on the outer side of the elbow. Despite its name, it can occur not only in tennis players but also in individuals who perform repetitive motions involving the wrist and arm. The repetitive stress causes damage to the tendons that attach to the lateral epicondyle, a bony prominence on the outside of the elbow. Activities such as typing, painting, and gripping objects tightly can contribute to the development of lateral epicondylitis.
On the other hand, medial epicondylitis affects the tendons on the inner side of the elbow. This condition is often caused by repeated gripping, throwing, or swinging motions. Golfers, baseball players, and individuals involved in certain occupations that require repetitive wrist flexion can be susceptible to medial epicondylitis. Symptoms include pain and tenderness on the inner side of the elbow, weakened grip strength, and difficulty performing activities that involve wrist movements.
Both lateral and medial epicondylitis can be managed with similar treatment approaches. Proper management and early intervention can help alleviate elbow pain, restore function, and prevent further complications.